The term “toothache” describes pain experienced in or near the tooth. Anything from a popcorn kernel stuck in the gum to a broken tooth or bacterial infection can cause this.

Some toothaches could be brought on by transient gum inflammation. On the other hand, severe toothaches demand a dental expert’s attention for pain management and treatment of the underlying issue. Even though toothaches are rarely fatal, they can signal serious illnesses that must be treated immediately.

Signs and Symptoms of Toothache

From mild to severe, the pain of a toothache can vary in intensity. It could be local or widespread. It may feel like a throbbing, a nagging ache, or a sharp pain. It might be constant or noticeable when a tooth is under pressure or consuming hot or cold foods.

You might also experience the following signs and symptoms:

1. Swelling

The swelling can occur in the gums around the affected tooth, as well as in the cheeks. While it is usually not a cause for alarm, it can signify that the toothache is getting worse.

2. Fever or Headache

One of the most common symptoms of toothache is a headache. This can be due to the pain of the toothache itself or from tension headaches that develop as a result of the pain. Fever may also be present, especially if the toothache is due to an infection. 

3. Difficulty in Opening the Mouth

One reason is simply because of the pain since it can cause muscle spasms. If the toothache is severe, you may not be able to open your mouth without experiencing significant discomfort.

When Is It Time to See a Dentist?

You should see a dentist if your toothache lasts longer than a few days or worsens. A sudden, intense, or persistent pain may be a sign of an infection that, if untreated, will get worse.

Furthermore, visit a dentist if you experience sudden, unexplained tooth pain. This sudden onset could mean that the tooth’s nerves have been damaged, necessitating root canal therapy.

Causes and Treatments for Toothaches

Most toothaches are treatable at home with over-the-counter pain relievers, but if the pain persists after a few days, you may need to seek medical attention. In some cases, a dentist can quickly diagnose and treat the problem; in others, you’ll need to see a specialist.

The underlying cause of the toothache will determine the course of treatment. It is critical to address the underlying issue and relieve the pain. Examples of common causes and forms of treatment include:

1. Infection

If an infection causes toothache, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics. If the infection is severe and doesn’t improve after two weeks, a specialist may extract the tooth to prevent its spread.

2. Gum Swelling

If swollen gums cause toothache, you should consult a periodontist, who will drain the gums and treat the underlying infection.

3. Broken Tooth

If a broken tooth causes pain, depending on its severity, your dentist will either repair or remove the tooth. Even a tiny crack in a tooth can cause toothache, so see a dentist immediately if you suspect your tooth has been damaged.


There are many things to know about toothache to manage pain and discomfort effectively. It is essential to identify the underlying cause of the toothache. This can be done by consulting with a dentist. Once the cause is determined, the appropriate course of treatment will be applied.

When you’ll need an emergency dentist in Troy due to toothache, save the contact details of Dental First! We stand for quality, integrity, comfort, and comprehensive dental care. With us, your treatment is guaranteed! Call us when a dental emergency occurs!